Corruption represents a serious threat to the economic development of the country. It violates the principles of equality and social justice and destabilizes state administration.
A system of measures has been created in the Republic of Belarus with a view to eradicating reasons and conditions conducive to corruption. The head of state and the government of the Republic of Belarus pay close attention to matters concerning fight against corruption.
A certain system of organizing the fight against corruption has been established. It includes the development and adoption of anticorruption legislation; delineation of functions between government agencies; establishment and enabling of operation of special units in charge of fighting corruption; establishment of commissions, coordinating councils, and conferences on fighting crime and corruption at various levels; the use of state mass media, active involvement of citizens, public organizations, and labor collectives in efforts designed to counteract corruption.
A solid legal base has been created to stipulate a system of measures and principles of fight against corruption, specific organizational and preventive measures and mechanisms of fighting corruption, and the removal of consequences of corruption offences. The system also provides for criminal prosecution for corruption offences.
The basic document to guide anticorruption efforts is the law on fight against corruption. It defines corruption offenses and stipulates a system of measures to fight and prevent corruption. The law applies to virtually all officials and executives. A number of restrictions and special requirements for government officials are stipulated. The law also determines the authority and rights in the sphere of the fight against corruption.
In addition to the law on fight against corruption other regulatory acts are in place to counteract corruption. The number includes the law on the declaration of revenues, property, and monetary income by individuals, the law on the prosecution service of the Republic of Belarus, the law on the civil service in the Republic of Belarus, the law on preventing the legalization of revenues acquired by illegal means, and the law on fighting organized crime.
The Republic of Belarus has ratified and observes requirements of a number of international acts on the fight against corruption.
The work meant to improve anticorruption efforts involves virtually all ministries and government agencies of the Republic of Belarus as well as companies and organizations. The state institution National Center for Analytical Monitoring in the Area of Environmental Protection (the Center henceforth) works hard to fight corruption manifestations. The Center puts a lot of effort into uncompromised and decisive fight against corruption. A commission has been set up to counteract corruption. A deputy head of the Center has been appointed chairman of the commission. Sessions of the commission are organized when necessary but at least once every quarter of the year.
Every two years the Center puts together and passes an action plan on the fight against corruption. The action plan for 2017-2018 has been already passed and stipulates a number of measures, with specific individuals put in charge of executing them.
The main avenues of work include the following:
- constant efforts to raise the awareness about effective legislation on anticorruption activities;
- as candidates to fill in job openings are evaluated, we definitely take into account information about previous jobs of the prospective employees, reasons for dismissal/quitting, evaluation of professional and personal qualities, the attitude to discipline and order;
- petitions of natural persons and legal persons are analyzed in order to possibly find information about facts of corruption in the Center. No corruption manifestations in the Center have been reported so far;
- work is done to inventory permanent assets, intangible assets, materials, monetary assets, and other assets. Work is also done to detect and register unaccounted property.
The mechanism to control purposeful and effective use of state property and budget appropriations includes the following components:
compilation and execution of the budget estimate;
organization and control over the timely and expedient execution of expenditure items of the budget;
submission of proposals to adjust the budget financing targets to the person in charge of budget funds;
compilation and submission of budget reports.
In order to prevent ineffective spending of budget money a commission has been established to organize and carry out open tenders, digital auctions, and budget enquiries. In order to prevent abuse of power, one third of the commission is rotated annually.
In a bid to observe the legislation on government procurement the Center constantly and strictly follows government procurement procedures, including the selection of suppliers, the signing of contracts with them, and the placement of information about government procurement publicly on the dedicated website. No complaints about violations of legislation on government procurement have been received. Information about government procurement is placed on the dedicated website without delay.
For educational purposes our personnel performance review procedures include questions about legislation on fighting corruption and legislation on petitions of citizens and legal persons.
All the executive personnel have committed to observe requirements of the law on fight against corruption in written form.
Apart from that, the work to fight corruption also includes the processing of petitions of citizens, the organization of direct hotlines, the organization of personal appointments with top officials of the Center, and awareness-raising efforts.
It is worth noting that fight against corruption is not a short-range campaign, but the most important task in the course of strengthening independence of Belarus and ensuring public security.
Belarus President Ordinance No.5 of 15 December 2014
“ON STRENGTHENING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EXECUTIVES AND WORKERS OF ORGANIZATIONS”
Plan of activities of the corruption counteraction commission (PDF document / 79.86 KB)